Has the James Webb Telescope ever blown up the Big Bang theory?

Jhe James Webb Space Telescope has only been returning data for a few weeks, and it’s already causing major problems for the main theory to describe a creation without the need for a creator.

This theory states that the universe began with a big bang and then evolved. It all started with an explosion of particles and energy (what caused the explosion is not discussed). Random variations in this cloud of particles caused them to clump together. Their gravity attracted more. Stars ignited and then moved closer to other stars to form galaxies.

An enormous amount of work has gone into theory, with massive and complex experiments designed to uncover every detail of how particles behave under these conditions. This has led to extensive predictions of how galaxies gradually evolve, with smaller, simpler galaxies dominating the early universe, and larger, brighter, more complex galaxies forming later.

The problem is that these predictions do not match the first results from the James Webb Space Telescope.

As Webb looks out into the universe, he looks back in time. When you look at the most distant galaxies, you see light that has spent billions of years traveling to us. Scientists believe that some of the galaxies Webb photographed are between 300 and 400 million years after the universe began. It’s very early; scientists believe that the first stars formed 250 million years after the universe began to exist. Webb is already giving us our best insight into the ancient history of the universe.

Alexandra Witze wrote in Nature, “The amazingly sharp images from the telescope have shattered astronomers’ preconceptions about the early universe.”

The first problem is that finding these ancient galaxies is much easier than experts thought. The pre-printed articles all express surprise at how easily it has been possible to find bright, ancient galaxies. “What is most remarkable about this first search is that we found two light sources …, one to … far beyond expectations” based on previous models, wrote a team led by Marco Castellanofrom the National Institute of Astrophysics in Rome.

The discovery of an ancient “unexpectedly bright galaxy may challenge our current understanding of how early galaxies formed,” wrote a team led by PA Oesch in The Astrophysical Journal.

Rohan Naidu of the Harvard and Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and his colleagues found a bright galaxy easily. Current theories say they should have 10 to 100 times more sky before they find it.

Steven Finkelstein et al said their discovery of a particularly distant galaxy hinted at “significant differences between the physical assumptions of these models and the true early universe”.

“If tracking spectroscopy validates this redshift, we will learn that our universe was already illuminated with fairly massive galaxies less than 300 [million years] after the big bang,” they wrote.

Haojing Yan of the University of Missouri-Columbia et al concluded after a search for candidate galaxies“Neither the high number of such objects found nor the high redshifts [or ancient age] they reside are expected previously favored predictions.

“We had in mind an idea of ​​what the galaxies at these [distances] would look like, and how much detail we would be able to see, but I think the reality is just a bit mind-boggling,” said Jeyhan Kartaltepe of Rochester Institute of Technology in New York. Nature.

“There’s hardly any empty space that has nothing,” he said.

Again, all of these articles are published just weeks into Webb’s life. “This is just the beginning of the beginning,” Naidu said.

The type of galaxies Webb discovers also contradict the latest theories.

Leonardo Ferreira of the University of Nottingham et al titled their paper “Panic! To discs.” Current theories of galactic evolution say that older galaxies are less uniform in shape – twisted and distorted by their formation in the earlier, smaller universe. Webb already indicates that sharp disc-shaped galaxies are actually 10 times more common in the early universe than theories suggest. Nature describes the discovery by writing:

“With James Webb’s resolution, we are able to see that galaxies have disks much earlier than we thought,” says Allison Kirkpatrick, an astronomer at the University of Kansas at Lawrence. That’s a problem, she says, because it contradicts previous theories of galaxy evolution. “We’re going to have to figure that out.”

Another problem is the galaxy ingredients. Galactic evolution theories say that stars started out primarily with hydrogen, the simplest element. Over time, these stars used this hydrogen to build more complex elements. Look into the earlier universe, and those more complex atoms will not have been built yet.

Again, the reality is different. A study by Jonathan Trump of the University of Connecticut and others found that Webb indicates that the early universe is much richer in elements like oxygen than models predict.

This all adds up to a serious challenge to these theories of galactic evolution. Kirkpatrick said Nature, “Right now, I find myself lying awake at 3 a.m. wondering if everything I’ve ever done is wrong.”

So far, these scientists aren’t dismissing the idea that galaxies evolve slowly — instead, they’ve pushed galaxy formation back to a point “extremely early in the history of the universe.” as one study said. But if that’s what we got in a few weeks, how long will these theories last when more data comes in?

When launching Webb, nasa administrator Bill Nelson recalled the time when “a shepherd herding his sheep looked up at the night sky. He became a poet. And he wrote the words: “The heavens proclaim the glory of God; the firmament shows his work. This shepherd, this poet has become king. And these immortal words from Psalm 19 sum up the expressions we have today – the work of God – as we look back in time, over 13 billion years ago, [and] capture the light from the beginning of creation.

Webb, like so many scientific experiments before, declares the glory of God. It points to a Lawgiver who has set up the entire universe to function according to consistent and discoverable laws. But Webb also clearly reveals God as Creator. The flaws in these theories of an accidental and gradual development of the universe are already exposed.

In June, before we received the first images from Webb, Trumpet editor Joel Hilliker wrote:

Many scientists are sure to explain every image and dataset Webb sends – despite being the infrared signature of the Creator himself – as proof that there is no Creator.

But as images and data provide an increasingly clear picture, many scientists are turning to reality. They are willing to look at the data in good faith and see what it really tells us, even if it further proves that the universe has purpose and intent. …

Webb is willing to literally see things unseen since inception. If it works, we are about to see power, beauty, and even more dazzling proof of the great God who created him and who created us. There is absolutely no other way this could all have come together. Scientific knowledge is increasingly aligning with the descriptions of creation contained in the Holy Bible.

Looking at the cosmos, you are looking at the work of God! With advanced telescopes and other amazing instruments, the more we learn, the more awesome it gets.

Here is a provable prediction, made in writing, before the data was released. And that prediction fared much better than those theories of galactic evolution.

Look at this telescope for more evidence. Romans 1:20 says, “For the things unseen of him from the creation of the world are plainly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and divinity; so they are without excuse.

We can see evidence of a great Creator and Lawgiver all around us. With high-powered telescopes, this evidence becomes increasingly clear, the excuses more tenuous. The only question is, Will we listen to it?

Keep watching the results of this space program as it points to your Creator and your future.

To learn more about your direct connection to what is being revealed in the universe, read our free booklet Our tremendous universe potential.

Sharon D. Cole